Daffodil Facts and Terminology
Daffodils are among the easiest
plants to grow, and the rewards far outweigh the work. Of the major groups of
bulbs, daffodils are the only truly reliable perennials, and the blooming
season can be as long as two months if the right varieties are chosen.
Even seasoned gardeners will experience a treat with the fascinating variety of
colors, forms and sizes available in today's daffodils. Gardeners with
greenhouses can have a six-month season, beginning in October, and going
through winter, when the daffodils planted outdoors begin their season of
NARCISSUS - DAFFODIL -
All Daffodils are members of the genus Narcissus. Daffodil is the common
name for all Narcissus, and preferred name to use, except when referring to a
particular species, i.e. Narcissus triandrus.
JONQUIL - is a term used incorrectly in some parts of the country
to refer to all daffodils. A jonquil hybrid is descended from and resembles one
of the Narcissus jonquilla group.
CULTIVAR - a cultivated variety, a hybrid, originated
(bred) in someone's garden. All but the species are considered cultivars and
all have non-Latin names.
PERIANTH - the three petals and three
sepals (back petals) of a daffodil.
CORONA, CUP or TRUMPET - all refer to the same part of a
daffodil's anatomy, being that part which protrudes from the perianth. Cup and corona are used interchangeable for most
divisions, while trumpet is used exclusively for Division 1 daffodils. Also,
large or long-cup are both used interchangeably for Division 2, and small or
short-cup for Division 3.